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#8216;Biography#8217; Franchise Returns as Event Programming Across A+E Networks Channels (EXCLUSIVE) A+E Networks is reviving one of the programming franchises that built the company into a cable powerhouse: “Biography.” The series that once defined AE Network will be revived starting in pay for a research paper research paper writing the spring as a recurring program tied to current headlines, milestone anniversaries and newly unearthed material about famous names. The new-model “Biography” will air in smoking various formats, from multi-part series to two-hour specials. The installments will primarily air on AE Network but some will run on History and Lifetime as warranted by a research paper paper writing, the subject matter. As part of the cheap employee legal benefits, revival, A+E’s existing Bio.com digital content hub will receive a major overhaul, adding more video content and resources to a research research paper writing coincide with new installments. Among the docu productions ordered for the relaunch is a six-hour series examing the life and death of Tupac Shakur, a two-hour take on the murder of rapper Notorious B.I.G. Cheap Write! (aka Christopher Wallace), and a four-hour look at the complicated relationship between mob boss John Gotti and pay for paper research writing, scion John Gotti Jr. #8220;Biography#8221; is expected to return later this spring with the Notorious B.I.G episode.
Rob Sharenow, exec VP and general manager of essay on second smoking AE and Lifetime, said the paper research writing, revival was sparked in part by his appreciation for a recent spate of my paper for me documentary features including 2015’s “Amy,” about the late singer Amy Winehouse, and paper research writing, HBO’s 2015 Kurt Cobain bio “Cobain: Montage of Heck.” TrustNordisk Acquires Zentropa-Produced Mini-Series #039;Finding Home#039; #039;Sultana,#039; ‘Hero’,’ #039;Tribe#039; Among Projects Pitched at Segovia#039;s 3D Wire. “There have been several feature films that spoke to people about persuasive hand, figures that they love in pop culture,” Sharenow told Variety . “It just seemed like a ripe opportunity for us to jump back in. We have the premium brand in this genre.” Sharenow emphasized “Biography’s” role in paper research igniting the unscripted docu-series genre that remains a staple of cable schedules today. Need Help And Access! The success of the paper paper writing, show spawned a thousand imitators, from Lifetime’s “Intimate Portrait” to buy essay online unit E!’s “Headliners and Legends” to VH1’s “Behind the Music.” #8220;We’re in a moment where all of those franchises are gone but there’s an pay for a research paper paper writing amazing renaissance in documentary and biographical storytelling,#8221; Sharenow said. My Paper A Research! “Part of what we’re trying to do is really break the pay for research paper, mold with different formats and lengths, but they will always be stories about persuasive smoking, people and significant moments in (public) life,” he said. “In the case of Tupac it’s going to be a multipart series that artfully tells the story of his life while investigating the theories around his death.” Although the pay for writing, first batch of installments have a common thread of cheap my essay employee legal crime stories, Sharenow says they are pursuing a range of subjects including the stories of a number of prominent women. “We’re looking for ‘Biography’ to be an ongoing multi-brand, cross-platform franchise,” Sharenow said. A+E is confident that the a research, Bio.com digital offshoot has potential to help data storage and access methods grow with the influx of a research paper new programming, original digital content and persuasive essay hand, a renewed distribution push because the website has been humming along for years #8220;as a very robust business for us without any linear support,#8221; Sharenow said. “Biography” ran as a weekly series on AE from 1987 through 2012. Most episodes were hourlong installments offering an overview of the lives of notable figures in recent history, running the a research paper research paper writing, gamut of film and TV stars to politicians to sports figures to business and Chain essay buy, civic leaders. Silver-haired actor Peter Graves served as the host who delivered a brief introduction for each episode with a combination of gravitas and humor. The former “Mission: Impossible” star was such a mainstay on a research paper research “Biography” that he was spoofed on on second “Saturday Night Live” by Will Ferrell and Phil Hartman. “Biography” racked up so many hundreds of episodes that A+E launched the dedicated Bio spinoff channel. Bio aired from 1999 until it was rebranded as lifestyle FYI in 2014. With the new “Biography” episodes, the paper, goal is to offer more variety in storytelling and filmmaking approaches. There are no plans for a single host to fill the shoes of Graves, who died in 2010 at 83.
However, Sharenow said the intent is to sprinkle “Biography” installments into write a research the schedules of AE, Lifetime and History in pay for a research paper connection with other programming initiatives, which could lend itself to relevant hosts coming in for specific projects. Other two-hour installments in production include studies of Russian president Vladimir Putin, boxer Mike Tyson, kidnapping victim Elizabeth Smart and cult leader David Koresh. During his early career as a film and write for me a research, TV writer, Sharenow went up for pay for a research paper research writing, a job on “Biography” but didn’t get the gig. Supply Essay Buy! “There’s a kind of a research research sweet irony that I’m bringing it back,” he joked. Here’s a rundown of the projects on tap for the new “Biography”: “The Notorious Life of Biggie Smalls” 1x120min AE Network. “The Notorious Life of Biggie Smalls” is a two-hour, deeply personal “Biography” documentary that will trace the Example Of Definition Human, life, death and legacy of the late Christopher Wallace a.k.a. “The Notorious B.I.G.” as told by those who loved him most, including his widow Faith Evans, his mother Voletta Wallace, his close friend Lil Cease, the members of Junior Mafia, and some of the biggest superstars in hip hop. Directed by Mark Ford, this documentary is the pay for paper writing, definitive biography of Biggie Smalls and the first to be officially authorized by his estate. Of Definition Human! The film will allow Biggie to narrate his own incredible life story, employing archival footage and pay for paper, audio recordings that have never been heard before. Twenty years after his death, this inspiring and intimate documentary will also focus on employee legal benefits Faith Evans as she embarks on an emotional journey to reconcile her turbulent memories, as she works on a new album of duets with her late husband entitled, “The King I.” The film will explore the people and places that shaped his life: his youth hustling on a research paper research writing the streets of Brooklyn, NY, his rise to fame with his friend and collaborator Sean “Diddy” Combs, his relationships with Faith Evans and Lil Kim, his feud with Tupac Shakur, and his shocking murder on the streets of Los Angeles. This will be the most personal and revealing documentary about the late Christopher Wallace that anyone has ever seen. “The Notorious Life of Biggie Smalls” is directed by Mark Ford and produced by Creature Films in association with Entertainment One (eOne). Executive producers for Creatures Film are Mark Ford and need help do my essay data input,, Kevin Lopez.
Executive Producers for paper research, eOne are John Morayniss and Tara Long. Voletta Wallace and Faith Evans also serve as executive producers. Executive producers for AE are Elaine Frontain Bryant, Shelly Tatro and Brad Abramson. A+E Networks holds worldwide distribution rights for “The Notorious Life of Biggie Smalls.” The End of America: Putin’s Master Plan (working title) 1?120 HISTORY. #8220;The End of America: Putin’s Master Plan#8221; (working title) is a revealing two-hour special that will take viewers on a journey to understand how this cunning spymaster and dictator has made to change the buy essay online 4222 to mobility, balance of power, overthrow the existing order, and threaten American supremacy. Putin’s story will be told through the eyes of experts and rare archival footage, along with a present day investigation. Pay For Research! Viewers will hear from former bodyguards and KGB comrades; oligarchs and spurned allies who have run afoul of the enigmatic ruler. Additionally, audiences will hear for the first time directly from cheap employee legal benefits American spymasters and agents who fought against him in the past and continue to do so today. #8220;The End of a research research paper America: Putin’s Master Plan#8221; (working title) is produced for History by Lincoln Square Productions. Cheap Write My Essay Employee Legal! Terence Wrong will serve as the pay for a research paper, executive producer and Rudy Bednar will direct for Lincoln Square Productions. Zachary Behr and Jen Wagman serve as the executive producers for History. Who Killed Tupac? 6x60min AE Network.
“Who Killed Tupac?” is a six-hour mini-series that focuses on the investigation, twenty years after the death of the dynamic and influential rapper and actor. Famed civil rights attorney Benjamin Crump will conduct, for the first time ever, a no-stone-unturned investigation. Crump has represented the families of Trayvon Martin, Michael Brown, Tamir Rice and other victims of gun violence who many believe were denied their due process under law. When Tupac’s mother, Afeni Shakur, who went to high school with Crump#8217;s mother, saw that he was fighting for truth and justice for my paper, the family of Trayvon Martin, she expressed to him how important that was and asked him to do the same for Tupac and other young black men. In each installment of this investigative series, viewers will learn about the legendary artist’s life while Crump examines key theories surrounding the murder. This docu-series will be the most fascinating and comprehensive look at pay for a research research paper writing the rise and life of a great artist, and perhaps the Supply Chain Management essay, most high-profile unsolved murder in U.S. history. Through Tupac’s own words and exclusive new interviews with eyewitnesses, family, friends, and colleagues, viewers will come to understand every facet of Tupac Shakur’s complex personality. “Who Killed Tupac?” is paper produced by help essay input, output, and access methods, Renegade 83 in association with FGW Productions. Pay For A Research Research! Executive producers for Renegade 83 are Jay Renfroe and David Garfinkle. Stephanie Frederic is the executive producer for write my paper for me, FGW Productions. Jason Sklaver serves as executive producer and paper, director.
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Executive Producers for AE are Elaine Frontain Bryant, Shelly Tatro, Molly Thompson and Brad Abramson. A+E Networks holds worldwide distribution rights for pay for paper research writing, “Gotti Son” (working title). Elizabeth Smart: Autobiography (working title) 1x120min AE Network. In this revealing two-hour episode, Elizabeth Smart provides previously untold details of her infamous abduction and 9-month nightmare in the grasp of her bizarre and cruel captors. Now 29 years old, Elizabeth shares the perspective she’s gained on the agonizing ordeal she endured at help essay data output, the tender age of 14. Marking the 15th year anniversary, Elizabeth, her close family, law enforcement and pay for a research paper writing, eyewitnesses reveal new information about the essay, harrowing child abduction case that galvanized the pay for, attention of a nation as well as her remarkable recovery, marriage, motherhood, and advocacy on behalf of victims. Who Can Write For Me A Research! “Elizabeth Smart: Autobiography” (working title) is produced by a research paper paper writing, Asylum Entertainment in association with Marwar Junction Productions. Executive producers for Asylum Entertainment are Steve Michaels and Jonathan Koch along with David Michaels.
Executive producers for Marwar Junction Productions are Allison Berkley and Joseph Freed. Executive producers for AE are Elaine Frontain Bryant, Amy Savitsky and Brad Abramson. A+E Networks holds worldwide distribution rights for Supply Management essay, “Elizabeth Smart: Autobiography” (working title). Paper Research Paper Writing! Mike Tyson: Autobiography (working title) 1x120min AE Network. How did heavyweight boxing champ Iron Mike Tyson go from being “The Baddest Man on the Planet” to the lovable star of “The Hangover” and a self-described “tennis dad?” In the dramatic two-hour special, “Mike Tyson: Autobiography” (working title), Mike Tyson and buy essay 4222 211 - to mobility, his wife Kiki share intimate details of how Mike rose from crushing poverty and pay for a research research writing, juvenile delinquency to the soaring heights of sports stardom, international fame and lavish wealth then lost it all to self-destructive behavior and drug addiction. Mike and Kiki reveal how Mike turned his life around from “zombie mode” to marriage and fatherhood. “Mike Tyson: Autobiography” (working title) is buy essay online unit 4222 211 - provide to mobility produced by Asylum Entertainment in association with Marwar Junction Productions. A Research Paper Paper Writing! Executive producers for Asylum Entertainment are Steve Michaels and Jonathan Koch along with David Michaels. Executive producers for Marwar Junction Productions are Allison Berkley and Joseph Freed. Executive producers for AE are Elaine Frontain Bryant, Amy Savitsky and Brad Abramson. Persuasive On Second Hand! A+E Networks holds worldwide distribution rights for “Mike Tyson: Autobiography” (working title).
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Automated Essay Evaluation for paper research writing English Language Learners:A Case Study of MY Access. Computer technology made its way into writing instruction and assessment with spelling and grammar checkers decades ago, but more recently it has done so with automated essay evaluation (AEE) and diagnostic feedback. And although many programs and Supply Management essay, tools have been developed in the last decade, not enough research has been conducted to support or evaluate the claims of the developers. Pay For Paper Research Paper? This study examined the effectiveness of automated writing instructional programs in consistent scoring of Supply Chain Management buy essays and a research research paper writing, appropriate feedback to student writers. It examined the scoring and instructional program called MY Access! Home Edition , which has an error feedback tool called My Editor to address these issues. The study combined a quantitative study of on second agreement and correlational analyses with an analysis of content and topic. Participants included 114 English language learners who wrote 147 essays to three writing prompts, which were graded by trained EFL raters and MY Access . From the pay for research sample, 15 randomly selected essays were also used for an error analysis comparing My Editor with human annotations to examine My Editor ’s accuracy. The main findings were that MY Access scoring was only correlated moderately with human ratings. Furthermore, because MY Access scoring is limited to the recognition of content words, not how these words are organized at the discourse level, it did not detect slightly off-topic essays and plagiarism. Finally, My Editor ’s error feedback, with 73% precision and 30% recall, did not meet the expectations of an accurate tool.
In conclusion, the home edition of MY Access was not found to be useful as an hand smoking, independent instructional tool. These findings give us pause regarding the effectiveness of MY Access . Computer technology is a research increasingly becoming part of language learning and writing, despite initial rejections and who can write, lingering skepticism over the last few decades (Dikli, 2006 Dikli, S. A Research Paper Research Writing? ( 2006 ). An overview of automated scoring of essays . Cheap 211 -? The Journal of pay for a research paper research paper writing Technology, Learning, and Assessment , 5(1). Persuasive Hand? Retrieved from http://ejournals.bc.edu/ojs/index.php/jtla/article/view/1640/1489 [Google Scholar] ; Xi, 2010 Xi, X. ( 2010 ). Automated scoring and feedback systems: Where are we and where are we heading? Language Testing , 27, 291 – 300 . doi: 10.1177/0265532210364643 [Crossref], [Web of Science #0174;] [Google Scholar] ). It was first used in writing classes with spelling and grammar checkers, which eased worries about “minutiae (such as how to spell minutiae) while composing, or even when revising and polishing” (Calfee, 2000 Calfee, R. ( 2000 , September ). To grade or not to grade . In M. A. Hearst (Ed.), The debate on automated essay grading ( pp. 35–37 ). IEEE Intelligent Systems, 15 , 22–37. Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Educational Activities Department. [Google Scholar] , p. 35). Recently, it has taken on a bigger role in writing assessment in the form of pay for a research automated evaluation of essays. This has attracted much attention from the assessment industry, writing instructors, and other stakeholders in an ongoing debate about the value of automated essay scoring, now known as automated essay evaluation (AEE).
AEE applications include scoring engines with instructional programs in Criterion, MY Access , and WriteToLearn . These programs, with their combination of automated scoring, automated feedback, and writing instruction tools, have gained ground at different educational levels in input, output, storage and access methods the United States. Since the pioneering work on the Project Essay Grade by pay for paper research writing Ellis Page in Example Essays Human … 1965, many automated essay evaluation initiatives have emerged. These included ETS’ e-rater , Pearson’s Intelligent Essay Assessor (IEA), Bayesian Essay Test Scoring System (BETSY), and Vantage Learning’s IntelliMetric . A review of pay for a research paper writing AEE developmental and research histories shows a tilted playing field toward the assessment industry that has dominated the debate. As Warschauer and Ware ( 2006 Warschauer, M. , Ware, P. ( 2006 ). Automated writing evaluation: Defining the classroom research agenda . Language Teaching Research , 10, 157 – 180 . Example Of Definition Essays Human …? doi: 10.1191/1362168806lr190oa [Crossref], [Web of Science #0174;] [Google Scholar] ) noted, the majority of pay for a research paper research validating different AEE systems is vendor funded and carried out to “demonstrate that it [AES software] ‘works’ either in buy essay online 4222 support to mobility the sense that its ratings correlate with those of human ratings or that particular features or aspects function as desired” (p. Pay For Paper Paper? 166). However, voices from the instructional side were first heard in Ericsson and Haswell’s book (2006) Machine Scoring of Student Essays: Truth and Consequences in which many writing instructors reported AEE failures in scoring essays satisfactorily. This study emerged from a similar concern: that AEE systems are not able to do a satisfactory job as writing instructors would expect. It examined this concern with a study of help storage and access MY Access , which uses Vantage Learning’s proprietary IntelliMetric scoring system.
We selected MY Access for analysis because it is a popular program in the United States. Researchers have adopted different terminology to a research research categorize AEE systems, depending on how they were developed. Brent and Townsend categorized ( 2006 Brent, E. , Townsend, M. ( 2006 ). Automated essay grading in the sociology classroom: Finding common ground . In P. Write My Essay Employee Legal Benefits? F. Ericsson , R. Pay For A Research Paper Writing? H. Haswell (Eds.), Machine scoring of student essays: Truth and help output, storage methods, consequences ( pp. 177–198 ). Logan, UT : Utah State University Press . [Google Scholar] ) AEE systems as statistics-based and rule or knowledge-based approaches, whereas Ben-Simon and Bennett ( 2007 Ben-Simon, B. , Bennett, R. Pay For A Research Research Paper Writing? E. ( 2007 ). Toward more substantively meaningful automated essay scoring. The Journal of Technology, Learning, and Assessment, 6 (1). Buy Essay Online Unit 4222 211 - Provide Support? Retrieved from http://ejournals.bc.edu/ojs/index.php/jtla/article/view/1631/1475 [Google Scholar] ) categorized them based on paper paper methods, namely, brute-empirical and Example Of Definition Human, hybrid methods. Statistics-based programs create scoring models based on a large set of pre-scored essays of 300 or more. This input is processed by the scoring system, such as IntelliMetric or e-rater , which extracts the predictive features from texts that lead to the assigned ratings for research writing new essays. Need Do My Data Input, And Access? The primary focus in pay for a research paper writing statistics-based programs remains on linguistic considerations, such as mechanics, syntax, and Management essay, writing conventions. The extracted features (usually more than 50) are then boiled down to 8–12 most dominant ones that are analyzed by using linear multiple regression equations to decide their best weightings in a research writing predicting the ratings for Supply Chain new essays.
The set of pay for a research research paper writing finalized predictive features varies from one scoring model to another. Until now, these models are prompt-based as the system is trained using different sets of Chain essay buy graded essay responses to specific prompts. By this definition, ETS’ e-rater and Vantage Learning’s IntelliMetric are statistics-based because they extract features and their optimal weightings using statistical calculations instead of pay for a research writing building on help do my data input, storage and access theory and indicators of good writing. Therefore, IntelliMetric belongs to the brute-empirical method . Rule-based or knowledge-based systems are trained on a large domain-representative text, such as textbooks or articles. The input for these systems is an expert knowledge base that results in a grading rubric detailing the criteria to score constructed essay responses. IEA, a scoring machine for discipline-specific courses (now known as Knowledge Analysis Technologies), has at its core Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA), a machine-learning method that characterizes a word used in a sentence, passage, or essay based on semantic associations (Landauer, Foltz, Laham, 1998 Landauer, T. K. , Foltz, P. W. , Laham, D. ( 1998 ). Pay For? The intelligent essay assessor: Applications to educational technology. Interactive Multimedia Educational Journal of Computer-Enhanced Learning, 1 (2). Buy Essay Online Cheap Unit 211 -? Retrieved from pay for a research research http://imej.wfu.edu/articles/1999/2/04/ [Google Scholar] ). LSA claims to be the only evaluation system in which meaning is dominant. Simply put, “it promises to help teachers and learners by evaluating essays based on write what their authors appear to pay for a research paper paper know about a topic” (McGee, 2006 McGee, T. ( 2006 ). Taking a spin on the intelligent essay assessor . In P. F. Ericsson , R. Benefits? H. Haswell (Eds.), Machine scoring of student essays: Truth and pay for a research research, consequences ( pp.
79–92 ). Example Of Definition Essays Human …? Logan, UT : Utah State University Press . Pay For A Research Research Writing? [Google Scholar] , p. Essay Hand? 83). Finally, IEA and the later versions of e-rater , with their smaller set of pay for a research research writing theoretically grounded features linked to good writing characteristics, are hybrid method- based systems. Essay On Second? Hybrid methods start with a set of features that are judged by writing experts to be indicative of good writing skills. These features serve as the blueprint on which the scoring rubric of automated scoring systems is generated. Either a set of pre-scored essays or an expert knowledge base is pay for paper paper writing used to extract the optimal weightings for different features in the final scoring rubric. The combination between theoretically based features and statistical calculations to generate a scoring model leads to what is called “hybrid approaches.” Objections to computer-automated essay evaluation. Despite all the advances, objections to computer-automated essay evaluation have been formidable. There are two main objections: humanist and defensive objections. First, there is the well-known objection from the Conference on College Composition and Communication ( 2004 Conference on College Composition and Communication. ( 2004 ). CCCC position statement on teaching, learning, and assessing writing in digital environments . Retrieved from Essays http://www.ncte.org.ezp.lib.unimelb.edu.au/cccc/resources/positions/digitalenvironments [Google Scholar] ): “Because all writing is social, all writing should have human readers, regardless of the research paper writing purpose of writing” (p.
36; cited in Carr, 2014 Carr, N. ( 2014 ). Computer-automated scoring of writing responses . In A. J. Kunnan (Ed.), The companion to Example Essays language assessment ( pp. Paper Research? 1063–1078 ). Malden, MA : Wiley . [Google Scholar] ). Generally, various studies on AEE systems have responded to humanist objections, mainly challenging the validity of fairly strong relationships between human ratings and AEE ratings in several corporate-conducted studies. But the correlations and agreement studies have not always shown high indices. Liu and Kunnan ( 2016 Liu, S. , Kunnan, A. J. ( 2016 ). Persuasive On Second Smoking? Investigating the applications of automated writing evaluation to a research research paper Chinese undergraduate English majors: A case study of buy essay online cheap 4222 211 - provide support to mobility WritetoLearn . CALICO Journal , 33, 71 – 91 . [Google Scholar] ) reported that correlations between human ratings and automated scoring by a research paper writing three AEE systems are high: .79 to .87 for e-rater (Burstein et al ., 1998 Burstein, J. , Braden-Harder, L. , Chodorow, M. , Hua, S. Persuasive Essay? , Kaplan, B. , Kukich, K. , … Wolff, S. ( 1998 ). Computer analysis of essay content for automated score prediction (Research Report 98-15). Princeton, NJ : Educational Testing Service . [Google Scholar] ), .93 (average) for pay for a research Intellimetric (Vantage Learning, 2006 Vantage Learning. ( 2006 ). Cheap My Essay Legal Benefits? Research summary: Intellimetric scoring accuracy across genres and grade levels . Retrieved from http://www.vantagelearning.com/docs/intellimetric/IM_ResearchSummary_IntelliMetric_Accuracy_Across_Genre_and_Grade_Levels.pdf [Google Scholar] ), and a research research paper writing, .76 to .95 for IEA (Foltz, Lochbaum, Rosenstein, 2011 Foltz, P. W. , Lochbaum, K. E. Cheap Write Employee Legal? , Rosenstein, M. R. ( 2011 , April).
Analysis of student ELA writing performance for a large scale implementation of formative assessment. A Research Research? Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Council of Measurement in Chain buy Education , New Orleans, Louisiana . [Google Scholar] ). Pay For A Research Research? She also noted that exact agreement percentages are 45–59% for e-rater and 76% for Intellimetric (Attali Burstein, 2006 Attali, Y. , Burstein, J. ( 2006 ). Write Employee Benefits? Automated essay scoring with e-rater® v.2 . Journal of Technology, Learning, and Assessment , 4(3). Retrieved from http://ejournals.bc.edu/ojs/index.php/jtla/article/view/1650/1492 [Google Scholar] ) and pay for a research paper research paper, 50–81% for IEA (Foltz et al ., 2011 Foltz, P. W. , Lochbaum, K. Need Do My Essay Data Input, Storage And Access Methods? E. , Rosenstein, M. R. ( 2011 , April). Analysis of student ELA writing performance for a large scale implementation of formative assessment. Paper presented at pay for paper, the annual meeting of the National Council of Measurement in Education , New Orleans, Louisiana . [Google Scholar] ) but for adjacent agreements the percentages are very high: 87–97% for e-rater , 99% for Intellimetric , and 211 - provide support, 91–100% for IEA (from the research same authors). Furthermore, it is widely known that high reliability or agreement does not equal validity. Landauer, Laham, and Management buy, Foltz ( 2003 Landauer, T. K. , Laham, D. Pay For Paper Writing? , Foltz, P. 4222 Provide To Mobility? ( 2003 ). Automated essay assessment . Assessment in Education , 10, 295 – 308 . doi: 10.1080/0969594032000148154 [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ) commented on this problem, “The fact that all these disparate methods [human judges and automated essay scoring] produce similar results at least raises the a research paper research suspicion that one could get acceptable reliability results with the who can write my paper use of variables that are not conceptually valid [emphasis added]” (p.
305–306). As Koskey and Shermis ( 2013 Koskey, K. L. Pay For Paper? K. , Shermis, M. D. ( 2013 ). Scaling and norming for automated essay scoring . Supply Chain Buy? In M. D. Shermis , J. A Research Research Paper? Burstein (Eds.), Handbook of buy essay cheap 211 - automated essay evaluation: Current applications and new directions ( pp. 199–220 ). Pay For Paper Writing? New York, NY : Routledge . [Google Scholar] ) pointed out, the scoring of essays by automated essay evaluation is based on mainly quantitatively assessing the observed variables in cheap write my essay employee benefits essays. These variables are often referred to as “proxies” as opposed to “trins,” which are the latent and real underlying variables that we are interested in measuring. They cited a system that claims to count the number of times “but” is used in an essay as a proxy for sentence complexity. Pay For Research Paper? Moreover, because developers usually publicize scoring rubrics but choose to keep the weightings of these variables confidential, Coniam ( 2009 Coniam, D. Cheap 4222 Support? ( 2009 ). Experimenting with a computer essay-scoring program based on ESL student writing scripts . ReCALL , 21, 259 – 279 . doi: 10.1017/S0958344009000147 [Crossref], [Web of Science #0174;] [Google Scholar] ) commented in his study with BETSY that “despite high correlations with a human rater, computer programs still lack transparency in terms of how they achieve the grades they award. This creates a validity problem as we do not know how ratings are achieved” (p. 276). Second, defensive objections are more problematic.
McGee’s ( 2006 McGee, T. ( 2006 ). Taking a spin on the intelligent essay assessor . In P. F. Ericsson , R. H. Haswell (Eds.), Machine scoring of student essays: Truth and consequences ( pp. Writing? 79–92 ). Logan, UT : Utah State University Press . [Google Scholar] ) experiments challenged all the claims about IEA. He found the “meaning” implicated by write benefits IEA to totally disregard cohesion and coherence, which are of great importance to the meaning construction of paper research writing any text. Such findings make sense, because the most well-known approach to assign ratings to essays in AEE systems is the regression approach to predict the Supply essay buy quality of an essay. However, the scoring of content always poses a bigger challenge for these systems than other observed variables, such as the number of pay for paper research paper writing commas, the number of sentences, or the use of verb/noun agreement. Thus, to evaluate the content of an essay, AEE systems use an who can write my paper for me, additional technique, such as those used by LSA to supplement their prediction weightings of pay for a research research paper writing this variable. They base their evaluation of content on an analysis of keywords and synonyms or sets of keywords and synonyms in an essay and essay on second, compare their Euclidean distance to the words on a master list.
On the basis of a research research such an 4222 211 - support to mobility, approach, the research writing appropriacy of the factual content in an esssay is measured in terms of Chain Management buy its similarity of lexical choices to a corpus at the expense of paper research paper writing coherence and cohesion. The “meaningful factual content” carried by the AEE system is, therefore, independent of any factual accuracy. As a result, a “bad faith essay” can easily trick the system into assigning a high score for a mechanically written essay. Such findings have resulted in resistance from persuasive essay hand writing instructors. The recent Handbook of automated essay evaluation (Shermis Burstein, 2013 Shermis, M. D. , Burstein, J. Writing? (Eds.). ( 2013 ). Chain Management Buy? Handbook of automated essay evaluation . New York, NY : Routledge . A Research Paper Paper Writing? [Google Scholar] ) showed the recent advances and continuing evolution in Example Of Definition … recent years and its awareness of the objections presented above.
A few of the questions they raised were: “Can systems be gamed? Does the use of AEE foster limited signaling effects by encouraging attention only to a research paper research writing formal aspects of writing, excluding richer aspects of the persuasive on second smoking writing construct? Does AEE subvert the writing act fundamentally by depriving the student of a true ‘audience’?” (p. 2). In the last 45-year period of AEE systems, validation research of automated scoring has provided many findings. Yang, Buckendahl, Juszkiewicz, and Bhola ( 2002 Yang, Y. , Buckendahl, C. W. , Juszkiewicz, P. J. , Bhola, D. S. ( 2002 ). A review of strategies for validating computer-automated scoring . Applied Measurement in Education , 15, 391 – 412 . doi: 10.1207/S15324818AME1504_04 [Taylor Francis Online], [Web of Science #0174;] [Google Scholar] ) identified three broad approaches. First, much of the research on automated scoring systems has been devoted to demonstrating correlations or agreements between automated ratings and human ratings. The second group of studies has investigated the relationship between AEE ratings and external indicators, such as teachers’ judgments of student writing skills or other test results (Coniam, 2009 Coniam, D. ( 2009 ). Experimenting with a computer essay-scoring program based on ESL student writing scripts . ReCALL , 21, 259 – 279 . doi: 10.1017/S0958344009000147 [Crossref], [Web of Science #0174;] [Google Scholar] ; Vantage Learning, 2007 Vantage Learning. ( 2007 ). A Research Research Paper Writing? MY access!® efficacy report . New Hope, PA: Vantage Learning.
Retrieved from http://www.vantagelearning.com/school/research/myaccess.html [Google Scholar] ; Weigle, 2002 Weigle, S. C. ( 2002 ). Assessing writing . Write For Me A Research? Cambridge, UK : Cambridge University Press . [Crossref] [Google Scholar] ). External factors that have been researched include multiple-choice tests, grades in courses dependent on writing, teachers’ ratings of student writing skills, and students’ self-evaluations (Ben-Simon Bennett, 2007 Ben-Simon, B. , Bennett, R. Pay For A Research Research Paper Writing? E. Buy Essay Online Support To Mobility? ( 2007 ). Toward more substantively meaningful automated essay scoring. The Journal of Technology, Learning, and Assessment, 6 (1). Retrieved from http://ejournals.bc.edu/ojs/index.php/jtla/article/view/1631/1475 [Google Scholar] ). A Research Paper Paper Writing? The third approach has explored the scoring process and mental models used by AEE systems. For example, one concern about AEE scoring is the weighting of length as a scoring trait because length was found to be a highly predictive feature in e-rater (Chodorow Burstein, 2004 Chodorow, M. Supply Chain Management? , Burstein, J. Pay For Paper Research? ( 2004 ). Beyond essay length: Evaluating e-rater®’s performance on TOEFL essays (Research Report No. Help Do My Storage And Access Methods? 73). Paper Research? Princeton, NJ : Educational Testing Service . [Google Scholar] ). In Jones’s ( 2006 Jones, E. ( 2006 ). Buy Essay Online Unit 4222 To Mobility? ACCUPLACER’s essay-scoring technology: When reliability does not equal validity . In P. Paper Paper Writing? F. Ericsson , R. H. Haswell (Eds.), Machine scoring of student essays: Truth and consequences ( pp. 79–92 ). Logan, UT : Utah State University Press . Write For Me? [Google Scholar] ) study scored by WritePlacer Plus , ACCUPLACER’s program using IntelliMetric as its automated scoring system, 85% of the variance in essay ratings was accounted for by length. 1 1 In a recent competition, ETS invited people to write essays that could trick e-rater into assigning lower or higher ratings than deserved. The winner’s technique was simply to write a paragraph and repeat it 37 times. E-rater gave this essay the highest possible score of 6 while two human raters both scored it “1,” creating the maximum discrepancy of pay for paper five points between automated and human scoring (Powers, Burstein, Chodorow, Fowles, Kukich, 2002 Powers, D. E. , Burstein, J. Of Definition Essays? C. , Chodorow, M. , Fowles, M. E. , Kukich, K. ( 2002 ). Stumping e-rater : Challenging the validity of automated essay scoring . Computers in Human Behavior , 18, 103 – 134 . doi: 10.1016/S0747-5632(01)00052-8 [Crossref], [Web of Science #0174;] [Google Scholar] ). View all notes. Xi ( 2010 Xi, X. ( 2010 ). Automated scoring and a research paper paper writing, feedback systems: Where are we and where are we heading?
Language Testing , 27, 291 – 300 . doi: 10.1177/0265532210364643 [Crossref], [Web of Science #0174;] [Google Scholar] ) developed a list of essay input, validity questions related to pay for research automated scoring, in the same way questions are asked in a validity argument (as proposed by Chapelle, Enright, Jamieson, 2008 Chapelle, C. , Enright, M. , Jamieson, J. (Eds.). ( 2008 ). Building a validity argument for TOEFL . New York : Routledge/Taylor and Francis Group . Example Of Definition Essays …? [Google Scholar] ). These questions included underrepresentation or misrepresentation of constructs and pay for a research paper writing, writing tasks, validity and consistency of scoring, and whether test takers’ knowledge of the scoring algorithms would impact their writing. AEE systems and non-native student writers of English. Particularly relevant to this study is the performance of automated scoring systems on non-native (ESL and EFL) student essay responses. However, this dimension of AEE systems has received little attention (Coniam, 2009 Coniam, D. ( 2009 ). Experimenting with a computer essay-scoring program based on ESL student writing scripts . ReCALL , 21, 259 – 279 . doi: 10.1017/S0958344009000147 [Crossref], [Web of Science #0174;] [Google Scholar] ). Instead of persuasive essay hand building systems to directly target non-native English speaker responses, models for native speaker essays have been used for comparisons with non-native counterparts. As Warschauer and Ware ( 2006 Warschauer, M. , Ware, P. ( 2006 ). Automated writing evaluation: Defining the classroom research agenda . Language Teaching Research , 10, 157 – 180 . doi: 10.1191/1362168806lr190oa [Crossref], [Web of Science #0174;] [Google Scholar] ) noted, none of the AEE systems were originally built for the EFL/ESL population, but their development gradually has accommodated the needs of this population. This is demonstrated in the various feedback options, including first language feedback now available for speakers of Spanish, Chinese, Japanese, and Korean in pay for paper research writing MY Access . Yet questions still remain whether these accommodations, well intentioned as they are, really help EFL/ESL students improve their writing skills. Weigle ( 2013 Weigle, S. ( 2013 ). My Essay Employee Legal Benefits? English as a second language writing and automated essay evaluation . In M. D. Shermis , J. Burstein (Eds.), Handbook of automated essay evaluation ( pp. 36–54 ). New York, NY : Routledge . [Google Scholar] ) also pointed out the need for “the applicability of a research research writing automated essay scoring (AES) systems to non-native speakers (NNSs)” (p.
36). Example Of Definition Essays Human? Liu and Kunnan ( 2016 Liu, S. , Kunnan, A. J. ( 2016 ). Investigating the applications of automated writing evaluation to pay for paper paper Chinese undergraduate English majors: A case study of WritetoLearn . Who Can? CALICO Journal , 33, 71 – 91 . [Google Scholar] ) found that WriteToLearn with Chinese undergraduate study participants was consistent but highly severe compared to the four trained human raters in a research paper writing scoring essays but, more importantly, it failed to score seven essays. EFL teachers and Example Essays Human, independent researchers’ studies. A number of EFL researchers have recently reported results of their student writers’ reaction to MY Access and its instructional applications, including My Editor, MY Access ’ text analyzer and proofreading tool, and pay for paper writing, My Tutor , the writing instructional tool generating feedback. In Chen and Cheng’s ( 2006 Chen, C. E. , Cheng, W. ( 2006 , May ). The use of computer-based writing program: Facilitation or frustration? Paper presented at the 23rd International Conference on English Teaching and Learning , Republic of China . [Google Scholar] ) investigation of 68 students who reflected on their use of MY Access in their writing classes, students expressed concerns about two aspects: the unfairness of MY Access ’ grading and its inability to judge the Example Essays content of essays. In addition, after the initial excitement, students started to feel the repetition and generality of the diagnostic feedback that they felt was not personalized enough to pay for paper research paper be useful for essay revision.
Fang’s ( 2010 Fang, Y. ( 2010 ). Perceptions of the … computer-assisted writing program among EFL college learners . Educational Technology Society , 13, 246 – 256 . [Web of Science #0174;] [Google Scholar] ) study focused on student perceptions about using different tools on MY Access among 45 junior college students. The students found MY Access a useful writing tool, especially its grammatical proofreading tool, My Editor , but they were not totally happy with its essay scoring system. Students also thought MY Access helped them more with locating and pay for a research paper research paper, revising form than content. Example …? Such results were reinforced by Dikli’s ( 2010 Dikli, S. ( 2010 ). The nature of pay for automated essay feedback . Of Definition? CALICO Journal , 28, 99 – 134 . doi: 10.11139/cj.28.1.99-134 [Crossref] [Google Scholar] ) investigation into the nature of paper paper writing My Editor and My Tutor ’s feedback to ESL student essays. This study found significant differences between MY Access and my essay employee benefits, written teacher feedback as well as students’ more positive response to the latter.
The cutting edge work of AEE systems may yet be in providing diagnostic feedback to pay for a research paper research writing writers. Some error detection programs have been making improvements over the last few decades to improve their specificity together with precision. Leacock and Chodorow ( 2003 Leacock, C. , Chodorow, M. ( 2003 ). Automated grammatical error detection . In M. D. Shermis , J. Burstein (Eds.), Automated essay scoring: A cross-disciplinary perspective ( pp. 195–208 ). Mahwah, NJ : Lawrence Erlbaum Associates . [Google Scholar] ) argued that the value of cheap my essay employee benefits error diagnosis depends on how specific and paper writing, informative it is. They take the position that generic responses, such as “something is wrong here,” are inferior to specific comments, such as “this is a subject-verb agreement error.” With the latter kind of feedback, students are provided more cues to improve their writing. Assessment of Lexical Knowledge is reported to achieve a precision level of 80% in pointing out who can my paper for me a research errors. This still means that 20% errors flagged are actually well-formed constructions (Leacock Chodorow, 2003 Leacock, C. Pay For A Research Writing? , Chodorow, M. ( 2003 ). Write My Essay Legal Benefits? Automated grammatical error detection . In M. D. Shermis , J. Burstein (Eds.), Automated essay scoring: A cross-disciplinary perspective ( pp.
195–208 ). Mahwah, NJ : Lawrence Erlbaum Associates . [Google Scholar] ). Their study also showed that the four most predictive error types for student essays are agreement, ill-formed modals, ill-formed infinitive clauses, and ill-formed participles. MY Access has an error feedback tool called My Editor . It detects spelling, grammar, and pay for a research paper, punctuations errors. It also diagnoses vocabulary choice and sentential-level errors. As students click on My Editor when they work on their drafts or revise an already submitted essay, a computer screen shows the Essays … students their essays with errors. Automated feedback can thus be used as an initial response to student writing. The possible quick generation of feedback to student essays also is better than the notoriously time-consuming nature of writing instructors giving feedback, especially in large classes. Of course, the expectation is that diagnostic feedback will help student writers, although the written error feedback literature poses some concerns. Paper Research Paper? Research in the area of written corrective feedback (WCF) has not been conclusive in what extent student writers benefit from WCF or even whether they benefit at all (see Ferris, 1999 Ferris, D. Example Of Definition Human? ( 1999 ). The case for grammar correction in L2 writing classes: A response to Truscott (1996) . Journal of Second Language Writing , 8, 1 – 11 . doi: 10.1016/S1060-3743(99)80110-6 [Crossref] [Google Scholar] , 2004 Ferris, D. Pay For Paper Research Paper Writing? ( 2004 ). The “grammar correction” debate in L2 writing: Where are we, and Chain essay buy, where do we go from here? (and what do we do in the meantime…?) . Journal of Second Language Writing , 13, 49 – 62 . doi: 10.1016/j.jslw.2004.04.005 [Crossref], [Web of a research paper research writing Science #0174;] [Google Scholar] , 2006 Ferris, D. ( 2006 ). Does error feedback help student writers? New evidence on the short- and long-term effects of written error correction . In K. Hyland , F. Hyland (Eds.), Feedback in second language writing: Contexts and issues ( pp. 81–104 ). Cambridge, UK : Cambridge University Press . Of Definition? [Crossref] [Google Scholar] ; Shintani, Ellis, Suzuki, 2014 Shintani, N. A Research Writing? , Ellis, R. Supply Essay Buy? , Suzuki, W. ( 2014 ). Effects of written feedback and revision on learners’ accuracy in pay for a research paper using two English grammatical structures . Language Learning , 64, 103 – 131 . Who Can Write? doi: 10.1111/lang.2014.64.issue-1 [Crossref], [Web of Science #0174;] [Google Scholar] ). The picture is further complicated because most automated error feedback is in English, with a very limited range of a research research paper writing first language options. This is in online unit provide support to mobility line with Dikli’s ( 2010 Dikli, S. ( 2010 ). The nature of automated essay feedback . CALICO Journal , 28, 99 – 134 . Paper Writing? doi: 10.11139/cj.28.1.99-134 [Crossref] [Google Scholar] ) findings in her study, which suggested that systems need to improve their feedback to non-native essays by giving shorter and less redundant feedback using simpler language and adding feedback for 211 - support to mobility off-topic or repetitive essays.
Xi ( 2010 Xi, X. Paper Writing? ( 2010 ). Automated scoring and feedback systems: Where are we and where are we heading? Language Testing , 27, 291 – 300 . doi: 10.1177/0265532210364643 [Crossref], [Web of Science #0174;] [Google Scholar] ) developed a list of validity questions related to automated feedback: whether automated feedback system accurately identifies writers’ errors, whether it can do this consistently, and whether the feedback is meaningful, and whether the help essay data input, output, and access feedback results in paper research paper improved writing. Liu and Essays, Kunnan ( 2016 Liu, S. , Kunnan, A. J. ( 2016 ). Investigating the applications of research paper automated writing evaluation to Chinese undergraduate English majors: A case study of WritetoLearn . CALICO Journal , 33, 71 – 91 . [Google Scholar] ) found in their examination of WriteToLearn’s feedback, overall precision and buy essay cheap unit 4222 211 - support, recall of errors were only 49% and pay for paper paper, 18.7% respectively. These figures did not meet the minimum threshold of 90% precision (set by Burstein, Chodorow, Leacock, 2003 Burstein, J. , Chodorow, M. , Leacock, C. ( 2003 ). Criterion online essay evaluation: An application for automated evaluation of student essays . Proceedings of the 15th Annual Conference on Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence , Acapulco, Mexico . [Google Scholar] ) for it to Example Essays Human … be considered a reliable error detecting tool. Pay For A Research Paper Paper Writing? Furthermore, it had difficulty in essay data storage methods identifying errors in the use of articles, prepositions, word choice, and a research paper research paper writing, expression. On the basis of the issues raised in who can write automated scoring and diagnostic feedback, we decided to examine the research following research questions. What do the agreement and strength of the relationship between human ratings and MY Access ’ scores reveal about Essays Human MY Access ’ rating? How does MY Access address content as a scoring trait? How does it treat off-topic essays? How accurate is My Editor ’s feedback when compared to that of writing instructors? Data were collected from a total of 114 EFL and ESL student writers.
The participants contributed 147 essays from three prompts, 105 essays based on writing two prompts from the online cheap unit 4222 211 - provide support to mobility list of 90 preloaded prompts on MY Access! Home Edition and 42 essays based on pay for research paper one end-of-term essay prompt that was not a pre-loaded prompt. The sample included 97 Vietnamese EFL students and 17 ESL students in the United States. The Vietnamese EFL students were either second- or third-year English majors at a university in Of Definition Human … central Vietnam pursuing a 4-year BA program. The 17 ESL students were level four and five (intermediate to advanced) students in an Intensive English Program (IEP) at a State University in pay for research paper California. The large majority of write my essay legal these ESL students were Asian, with Chinese as the biggest group. Three prompts were used in all. Two prompts from MY Access were selected from a list of 90 pre-loaded prompts based on their genres: one informative and one argumentative. A Research Research? Prompt 1 was titled What have you learned?
Prompt 2 was titled Internet classrooms vs. Traditional classrooms . The third writing prompt was not on the list of 90 pre-loaded topics on MY Access . Essay Buy? It was an pay for paper, end-of-term exam prompt administered at the university in Vietnam. Prompt 3 was titled Milestones . Prompts 1 and 2 as they appeared on MY Access are presented in Appendix A and Prompt 3 is presented in Appendix B. Experimental prompts used by the researcher. A total of 42 end-of-term exam essays were submitted to three different MY Access prompts, two of which were pre-loaded topics on MY Access (one persuasive “Challenges of Parenthood” and one informative “Power sources in the Year 2050”) serving as “false” prompts for these essays, and the other was the teacher-created prompt (the real topic). The researcher used the teacher-created topic function on write my paper for me MY Access to add the research paper following end-of-term exam prompt: “What are the online provide support to mobility important milestones in a person’s life in your culture? Give the pay for research paper reasons why they are important.” These essays submitted to this newly created prompt in the system produced a set of 42 scores.
Afterward, these essays were submitted to the two false prompts, called the first and legal benefits, second experimental prompts. Pay For Paper Research Paper Writing? These experimental prompts and the teacher-created topic are presented in to mobility Appendix B. The two essay prompts from MY Access were administered as either homework practice or in-class essays, depending on pay for a research paper paper the genres each class was working on cheap my essay employee legal benefits in their curriculum and their class schedules. More specifically, the homework essays were keyed in by the student writers and sent to the teachers in the Word file, which were then forwarded to pay for a research the researcher. The in-class essays were handwritten and submitted to the teachers. Afterward, these essays were typed up and double-checked for fidelity to the original handwritten versions. The third group of essays written to the teacher-created prompt included student essays written in a 90-minute exam for the previous semester.
The variation in essay writing conditions among the participants does not interfere with the results of the study because MY Access is employee benefits designed to facilitate self-conducted writing practice, and research paper, timing or the resources students get access to while writing are all acceptable, as long as the Example Essays Human … final essays are typed in pay for a research paper paper and submitted online to the system. The scoring of the 105 essays written to the two prompts from MY Access was based on a holistic rubric posted on MY Access website (see Appendix C). The rubric used was a 1–6 scoring scale with five major traits of writing: Focus and Meaning, Content and Development, Organization, Language Use and Style, Mechanics and on second hand smoking, Conventions. Corresponding to pay for research paper writing each score point was a brief description of each trait. For example, to achieve a “6,” an essay establishes and buy essay online support to mobility, maintains “an insightful controlling or central idea and demonstrates a thorough understanding of the purpose and audience [in terms of Focus and a research paper research paper writing, Meaning]” or “contains little or no errors in paragraphing, grammar and usage, punctuation, spelling, and persuasive essay on second hand, mechanics [in terms of Mechanics and Conventions].” On the other hand, “1” indicated an essay that inadequately communicated the writer’s message and failed to support ideas with details and/or examples (in Content and Development). After the essays were put together, coded, and printed out, they were sent to two human raters for scoring.
The raters were both non-native EFL instructors with MA degrees in pay for paper TESOL with about 5 years of Management essay buy teaching experience at the tertiary level in Vietnam. Pay For A Research Paper Writing? Prior to the actual scoring, the raters worked together to clarify the guidelines of the Essays holistic scoring rubric posted on a research MY Access . They also went through some essays that had been rated by MY Access to get an overview of how Intellimetric rated these essays based on Example the set of criteria in the rubric. After that, the raters piloted their ratings on a small set of four essays and analyzed the differences in their ratings to resolve any problems regarding their interpretation of the a research paper paper rubric. The scoring rubrics were examined to Supply Chain Management essay buy see if there were high agreements between human ratings and MY Access ratings. Double ratings from two trained EFL teachers were obtained and averaged for the set of essays written to the two prompts on MY Access . An inter-rater agreement analysis (exact, adjacent, and pay for research writing, discrepant) and correlation analyses were conducted. Supply Chain Management? In addition, the effects of prompts and raters on ratings and the effect of pay for paper research paper writing essay length on essay hand ratings were examined by using ANOVA. Forty-two essays written for the end-of-term exam were collected. Because these essays were written to a topic other than the 90 ones pre-loaded on MY Access , they provided a tool to reveal the way IntelliMetric deals with content in assigning ratings. Pearson correlations were calculated between the ratings these essays received when they were submitted to the real topic (using the a research paper research paper writing teacher-created function on MY Access ) and the ratings MY Access generated as these same essays were submitted to the two experimental (or false) topics on who can write for me a research the system. In addition, with the help of the corpus-based vocabulary tool Compleat Lexical Tutor (Lextutor at http://www.lextutor.ca/), which uses the one-million-word Brown corpus, quantitative statistics were generated for word frequencies and keywords used in the texts created from the essays. This analysis provided clues regarding how MY Access dealt with off-topic essays by examining data from the content analysis of the 42 end-of-term essays.
Two theoretical concepts termed precision and recall were examined for paper writing this question. Specifically, precision is the number of cases in which My Editor and who can write my paper, the human annotator agree are errors divided by pay for paper research paper the total number of cases that My Editor flags as errors (Burstein et al ., 2003 Burstein, J. , Chodorow, M. Of Definition Essays Human? , Leacock, C. ( 2003 ). Pay For Paper Research Paper? Criterion online essay evaluation: An application for automated evaluation of student essays . Proceedings of the Of Definition 15th Annual Conference on Innovative Applications of a research paper research Artificial Intelligence , Acapulco, Mexico . [Google Scholar] ). Recall is the number of cases correctly identified by write for me My Editor (the hits) divided by the total human annotator-flagged cases. That is, the number of pay for paper research My Editor ’s hits divided by the total of hits and misses (i.e., cases identified by the human annotator but overlooked by My Editor ). In this analysis, 15 essays were randomly selected from the sample. The first EFL teacher annotated errors using the same system of error tags adopted by cheap write employee My Editor . Error tagging was based on four major trait feedback categories: grammar, usage, mechanics, and style.
Only the paper research writing first three traits were focused on. The trait of style was intentionally left out of Supply Chain essay buy this analysis because it constitutes an pay for a research paper, ambiguous aspect of writing (Burstein et al ., 2003 Burstein, J. Who Can? , Chodorow, M. , Leacock, C. ( 2003 ). Criterion online essay evaluation: An application for automated evaluation of student essays . Pay For A Research? Proceedings of the write my essay benefits 15th Annual Conference on Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence , Acapulco, Mexico . [Google Scholar] ). For the purpose of this basically quantitative analysis, judgments about a research paper paper good or bad writing style may be too subjective to be suitable. Online 211 - Provide? Errors identified were tallied for a research research the calculation of precision and recall . Before the cheap my essay employee benefits actual coding of errors took place, the human annotator underwent a self-training process to familiarize herself with MY Access ’ error tagging system. She submitted 10 essays from the collected data (other than the 15 essays in the subsample) to MY Access to have a thorough look at pay for a research paper research writing, the feedback generated by My Editor . Through this, a list of error tags were noted down, including 16 categories: spelling, capitalisation, article, preposition, run-on sentence, fragment, consistency, contraction, punctuation, subject-verb agreement, word form, mass and count nouns, wrong word choice, confused word, comparative, and superlative. Buy Essay Unit 4222 Support? The actual error annotation was done with constant reference to reliable sources of grammar and English language use, some of which include Raymond Murphy’s ( 1994 Murphy, R. ( 1994 ). English grammar in use: A self-study reference and practice book for intermediate students ( 2nd ed .). Cambridge, UK : Cambridge University Press . [Google Scholar] ) English Grammar in Use , Michael Swan’s ( 2005 Swan, M. ( 2005 ). Practical English usage ( 3rd ed .).
Oxford, UK : Oxford University Press [Google Scholar] ) Practical English Usage , and John Eastwood’s ( 1999 Eastwood, J. ( 1999 ). Research Paper Writing? Oxford practice grammar ( 2nd ed .). Oxford, UK : Oxford University Press . [Google Scholar] ) Oxford Practice Grammar . Research question 1: MY Access ’s rubrics for scoring essays. Descriptive statistics of human ratings and MY Access ratings. Descriptive statistics for the three sets of ratings by human Ratings 1 and 2 and MY Access are shown in Table 1. The results show very similar mean ratings from the persuasive on second hand two human raters, while MY Access appears to be more generous. Automated Essay Evaluation for paper writing English Language Learners:A Case Study of MY Access. Table 1. Cheap Legal Benefits? Descriptives ( N = 105). In general, ratings from the two human raters, their averaged ratings, and MY Access ratings met the necessary assumptions regarding normal distribution, linearity, and range on the 1–6 scale. Therefore, correlations, ANOVA, and simple linear regression could be calculated. Table 2 reports the exact and adjacent agreement percentages (Attali Burstein, 2006 Attali, Y. Paper Writing? , Burstein, J. ( 2006 ). Automated essay scoring with e-rater® v.2 . Cheap Write Employee Benefits? Journal of Technology, Learning, and Assessment , 4(3). Retrieved from http://ejournals.bc.edu/ojs/index.php/jtla/article/view/1650/1492 [Google Scholar] ; Chodorow Burstein, 2004 Chodorow, M. , Burstein, J. ( 2004 ). Research? Beyond essay length: Evaluating e-rater®’s performance on TOEFL essays (Research Report No. 73).
Princeton, NJ : Educational Testing Service . [Google Scholar] ) between the two human ratings and between the buy essay online to mobility averaged human ratings with MY Access ratings. Generally, there was better agreement between the two human ratings than their agreement with MY Access . Pay For Paper Research? An exact plus adjacent agreement statistic of persuasive essay on second hand 71.4% and a disparate statistic of 28.6 % between human and MY Access scoring are not very convincing results. Automated Essay Evaluation for paper research writing English Language Learners:A Case Study of MY Access. Table 2. Human inter-rater and rater- MY Access agreement ( N = 105). Correlations between human ratings and Chain essay, MY Access’s scoring. Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated between the two human ratings and between the paper writing human ratings and MY Access ratings. Table 3 shows a fairly strong correlation between Human Rater 1 and Rater 2 ( r = .783, p .05), but the correlations between Human Rater 1 and MY Access ( r = .672, p .05) and Human Rater 2 and essay on second hand, MY Access ( r = .629, p .05) were both moderate. Furthermore, correlation between Averaged human Rater 1 and Rater 2 ratings and MY Access ’ ratings was also moderate ( r = .688, p .05). Automated Essay Evaluation for English Language Learners:A Case Study of MY Access. Table 3. Correlations between two human ratings and MY Access ratings.
Difference between human ratings’ average and MY Access ratings. A paired-samples t- test was computed to compare the means of human ratings’ average and MY Access ratings. The mean of the averaged human ratings’ was 3.76 (SD = 1.18), and the mean of MY Access ratings was 4.09 (SD = 1.19). The t -test showed that there is a statistically significant mean difference between the human ratings and MY Access : ( t (104) = ?3.538, p .05). The effects of paper prompts and persuasive hand smoking, raters on paper paper ratings. A 2 ? 3 mixed-design ANOVA was calculated to essay smoking examine the effects of the pay for a research research paper writing prompts (Prompt 1 and Prompt 2) and need do my input, storage, ratings (Rater 1, Rater 2, and MY Access ) on ratings. The dependent variables (Rater 1, Rater 2, and MY Access ratings) in the ANOVA test met the assumptions of being normally distributed and measured on an interval scale.
The main effect for rater ( F (2,103) = 7.516, p .01) and the main effect for pay for a research paper writing prompt ( F (1,103) = 18.912, p .01) were statistically significant but the prompt x rater interaction ( F (2,206) = 1.259, p .01) was not significant. Essay length as a predictive feature. A simple linear regression was calculated predicting essay ratings assigned by both human raters and MY Access based on essay length (i.e., the do my essay input, output, and access methods number of words in each essay). A Research Research Writing? A significant regression was found ( F (1,103) = 118.002, p .05) with an R 2 of .534. The predicted score of an essay (assigned by the human raters) is equal to 1.302 + .008 (length) points when length is measured in hand smoking number of words. Essay ratings increased .008 point for each extra word. A simple linear regression was then calculated predicting MY Access ratings based on essay length. A significant regression was found ( F (1,103) = 116.719, p .05), with an R 2 of pay for a research paper research paper writing .531. The predicted score of an essay (assigned by MY Access ) is equal to 1.610 + .008 (length) points when length is measured in number of cheap write employee legal benefits words. Essay ratings increased .008 point for each extra word. As can be seen in the results above, about 53% of the variance in both the averaged human ratings and MY Access ratings could be accounted for pay for paper paper writing by essay length.
Therefore, length was found to be an equally strong predictor of the ratings assigned by both MY Access and the human raters. Research question 2: Content in persuasive essay hand smoking MY Access ’s scoring models. Descriptive statistics of the three sets of ratings submitted to three MY Access prompts. As shown in pay for paper research paper Table 4, the mean score of the on second 42 essays was highest when they were submitted to a research research paper writing the teacher-created prompt. Supply Essay? This set of score is termed the real score, followed by the mean score as the same essays were submitted to the first experimental prompt, then to pay for paper research paper writing the second experimental prompt. Informed by prior research on other automated scoring programs and a strong feeling that essays written to teacher-created topics on MY Access cannot be “comprehended” by the system, the researcher played a trick to confirm her doubts. Forty-two essays were submitted to three different prompts in MY Access and Example Of Definition Human, the results are presented here. Experimental topic 1: Challenges of parenthood.
When the essays answering the teacher-created topic on “Important milestones in your culture” were submitted to the first experimental prompt “The challenges of (teenage) parenthood,” only 11 essays (26%) were flagged as off-topic while 27 received the feedback “great job”; the pay for a research paper research remaining four were given “1 s” due to “major syntax problems” (“great job” and need help do my data output, storage and access methods, “major syntax probems” are generic diagnostic feedback phrases used by pay for paper MY Access to describe essays earning high overall score and those having poor grammar use, respectively). When the two prompts were compared, the real topic and the first experimental one, there was possible overlapping content in student essay responses. An examination of the 42 essays showed that 24 essays mentioned “becoming a parent” or at least “becoming a parent after getting married” as one of the most important milestones in Example Of Definition Essays Human their culture. Furthermore, most of the essays frequently referred to words like grandparents, parents, adulthood/adult, married , and teenage/teenager . Below is the list of word frequency derived from the submission of all the essays (making a 15580-word text) to the corpus-based Compleat Lexical Tutor ( Lextutor ) that counts words in pay for paper writing texts and lists their keywords based on the obtained word frequencies. Chain Buy? It then compares these keywords, which are the words in the texts that are far more frequent, proportionally, than they are in a general reference corpus. Lextutor uses the Brown corpus, whose one million words comprise 500 texts of 2000 words on a broad range of topics. Figure 2 lists the 30 most frequent words for this 15580-word text, with those most likely to appear frequently in essays written to the first experimental prompt in bold.
To interpret the number preceding each word listed in Figure 1 and paper paper, 2, it is instructive to consider the explanation cited from Lextutor : The number accompanying each word represents the employee benefits number of times more frequent the paper research paper writing word is in your text than it is in the Brown corpus. For example, the first item in the output 1364.00 milestone is calculated on the basis that milestone has 4 natural occurrences in the Brown’s 1 million words, but 85 occurrences in your 15580-word text. These 85 occurrences are proportionally a lot more than the 4 occurrences in the Brown. Taken as a proportion of 1,000,000 words, these 85 occurrences represent 85/15580 ? 1,000,000 = 5456 virtual occurrences. These 5456 occurrences are 1364.00 times more numerous than the 4 occurrences in Brown. [www.lextutor.ca/keywords/freak.pl] Automated Essay Evaluation for English Language Learners:A Case Study of MY Access. Figure 1. Most frequently used words in the combined text of 42 essays. Figure 1. Of Definition Human? Most frequently used words in the combined text of 42 essays. Automated Essay Evaluation for English Language Learners:A Case Study of MY Access.
Figure 2. Pay For Writing? Most frequently used words in the combined text of who can 11 off-topic essays. Figure 2. Most frequently used words in the combined text of 11 off-topic essays. Judging from the corpus comparison and the possible overlapping content areas between these two prompts, MY Access ’s failure to a research research writing recognize the off-topicness of 31 of the 42 essays seems predictable. Example Human …? The 11 essays flagged as off-topic were then put together in a subtext of 3,969 words and submitted to Lextutor for the frequency list. Again, the 30 most frequent words in this subtext are shown in Figure 2. What can be seen from the comparison of the two lists is that words more relevant to the expected content area of becoming parents during the teenage years have disappeared, including babies, grandparents, spouse, parents, eighteen , and pay for a research paper research writing, happiness . Table 5 presents a few of the mismatches between human ratings and employee legal, MY Access ratings for a research research off-topic essays. The ratings assigned by MY Access are much higher for all off-topic essays.
Automated Essay Evaluation for Supply Chain Management buy English Language Learners:A Case Study of MY Access. Table 4. Descriptives of ratings for same submissions to three MY Access prompts ( N = 42). Automated Essay Evaluation for English Language Learners:A Case Study of MY Access. Table 5. Mismatched ratings of off-topic essays. Experimental topic 2: Power sources in research the year 2050. When the same set of essays was submitted to the second experimental prompt about “Power sources in the Year 2050,” a totally irrelevant focus compared to the real topic, 40 essays were flagged as “off-topic”; only two received 1 s due to “major syntax problems.” In contrast, none of the submissions to Example Of Definition … the teacher-created (real) topic “Important milestones in your culture” was flagged as “off-topic,” with 36 receiving “great job,” and six given 1 s due to “major syntax problems.” My Editor ’s error feedback: Accuracy. Table 6 presents precision and recall measures of the human annotator and My Editor ’s error feedback. Automated Essay Evaluation for research paper writing English Language Learners:A Case Study of MY Access.
Table 6. Human annotator and My Editor ’s error feedback results. In this subsample of 15 essays, students made far more mistakes with articles (124 errors) than with any other error type. Punctuations and run-on sentences were next on the list. Chain Management Essay Buy? Subject-verb agreement was the fourth problematic area that needed attention. The number of the pay for a research writing errors found in each of the other types ranged from 0 to 36. Of the total number of errors in each error type identified by persuasive on second smoking the human annotator, My Editor demonstrated quite an uneven performance.
My Editor was most precise in its identification of open or closed spelling errors, although in this subsample, it corrected only two cases ( part time to part-time and everyday to every day ), both of which matched the human annotator. However, the paper research system also missed a lot of open/closed spelling cases that needed corrections with the recall of only 28.6%, which means it missed 71.4% of the help data and access methods total human-flagged cases. My Editor also did well with article errors, with the precision of 96.9%. However, similar to open/closed spelling errors, the system missed 75% errors of this type the human annotator identified. Pay For Paper Research Writing? Capitalization and run-on sentences were the two error types that showed a similar pattern in My Editor ’s performance: a precision of around 80% accompanied by buy essay cheap unit 211 - the missing level of about 50% of all the cases flagged by a research paper research paper writing the human annotator. Spelling and consistency, which combined the two subtypes of cheap my essay verb group consistency and noun phrase consistency errors, exhibited the smallest number of cases overlooked by My Editor with recall values of 76.9 and 70.2, respectively. Of all the cases tagged by My Editor in these two types, around 80% were precise diagnoses.
In addition, My Editor failed to pay for a research research writing read the essays at persuasive essay smoking, the sentence and discourse level. It was least precise with its diagnosis of confused words errors with precision of only pay for paper research paper writing 28.6% and recall of essay input, output, 11.1%. This means that of all errors in paper research paper this category flagged by Chain buy My Editor , only writing 28.6% were really errors; the rest were false positives. It also missed almost 89% cases of this type compared to the human annotator. Overall, My Editor was 73% precise in flagging errors of the cheap employee 16 error types designated for this analysis and covered 39.6% of all the research paper errors the human annotator flagged.
In other words, it missed 60.4% errors that should be attended to according to the human judgment. Researchers on error feedback tools maintain that they would choose to err on the side of write employee legal precision over recall (Burstein et al ., 2003 Burstein, J. , Chodorow, M. , Leacock, C. ( 2003 ). Criterion online essay evaluation: An application for pay for a research research automated evaluation of student essays . Proceedings of the 15th Annual Conference on Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence , Acapulco, Mexico . [Google Scholar] ; Chodorow, Gamon, Tetreault, 2010 Chodorow, M. , Gamon, M. Who Can? , Tetreault, J. ( 2010 ). Pay For Writing? The utility of article and need data input, and access, preposition error correction systems for English language learners: Feedback and pay for a research research writing, assessment . Language Testing , 27, 419 – 436 . doi: 10.1177/0265532210364391 [Crossref], [Web of Science #0174;] [Google Scholar] ), which “means that we [they] would rather miss an error than tell the student that a well-formed construction is ill-formed” (Burstein et al ., 2003 Burstein, J. , Chodorow, M. , Leacock, C. ( 2003 ). Management Essay Buy? Criterion online essay evaluation: An application for automated evaluation of student essays . Proceedings of the 15th Annual Conference on a research paper research paper Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence , Acapulco, Mexico . [Google Scholar] , p. 6). In studying Criterion , Burstein et al . Persuasive Hand? ( 2003 Burstein, J. , Chodorow, M. , Leacock, C. ( 2003 ). Pay For Paper Research? Criterion online essay evaluation: An application for automated evaluation of student essays . Proceedings of the 15th Annual Conference on Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence , Acapulco, Mexico . Who Can Write? [Google Scholar] ) set the pay for a research paper writing minimum threshold of 90% precision for the tool to my paper be useful for students. If My Editor is judged by a research research paper these criteria, it falls short. My Editor ’s feedback offers suggestions for possible errors rather than dictating corrections to the writers.
Students can click on any error tagged by My Editor , and a smaller screen pops up to explain the problem. Cheap Write My Essay? After the brief diagnosis, there are some suggestions that students can choose from. The screen also demonstrates the pay for a research paper research rule that explains more generally how My Editor identifies and deals with that error type (e.g., spelling, preposition, etc.). General examples and ways to write my essay legal benefits correct the errors in the examples are also provided. With this diagnosis-suggestions-example-rule approach, students can learn to judge for themselves if they have really made a mistake and choose among the given correction options.
However, certain gaps in MY Editor ’s feedback can be addressed to better accommodate the ESL/EFL learners’ needs. What was noticeable about My Editor ’s feedback about noun phrase consistency was its double flagging of the same errors: It is sure that there are many Mass vs. count errors conflict Noun phrase consistency errors. The word conflict in the above sentence should agree in number with its plural determiner many . Therefore, labeling it as noun phrase consistency (implying inconsistent number agreement) is the best way to draw the student’s attention to his/her mistake. However, the a research research paper writing first label mass vs. count errors on the same word suggesting “if the … sentence requires a singular noun, consider [much] or [many a] instead of ‘many’” goes against pay for writing the second suggestion of consistency. Such conflicting comments can confuse the student who may think that they need to fix two errors. Double flagging also occurred among Subject-Verb Agreement errors. For example, in the next sentence, “Argument Subject-verb agreement errors take Subject-verb agreement errors place,” it is write a research suggested that argument be changed to pay for a research paper writing arguments to cheap legal agree with the plural verb form take , while in the second place, it is suggested that take (which should be grammatically correct now after the change of the subject noun) be changed to pay for a research paper paper takes to agree with the original subject noun argument . Along with articles, the English tense-aspect system is problematic for cheap write employee EFL learners, especially those from Asian first language backgrounds.
Yet My Editor does not seem to be programmed to deal with tense and aspect errors, except for its two rare attempts at diagnosing cases related to tense errors, both of which failed. The first one was a false positive where the system traced back to the preposition at a research paper writing, in the phrase at Supply Management, childhood and assumed that at refers to a research research writing the past. It thus suggested the inappropriate use of cheap write employee could have become . Here is MY Access ’s annotation. At childhood, we are taught carefully by parents, teachers. We are take Verb group consistency errors care of or bring up carefully from many peoples around. That is a good environment so that The child can become Incorrect use of past tense a good person at first life. The second attempt successfully located the a research paper error and offered a usable suggestion, but its flagging term was misleading for buy essay online cheap 211 - provide support the student as this error is not about tense: Besides, students haven’t Verb tense, instead of ‘have not’, consider using the writing more standard [do not have] to pay for buying books, textbooks are in the Internet too. Except for these two cases, nowhere else in all the essays could feedback be found about inconsistent or wrong tense usage. Essay Hand? In essay ESL2-14, the use of tenses was a major issue, but MY Access overlooked them. The adverbial phrase in the past is clear evidence of past tense.
My Editor did not identify the error. In the past, all the students have to take the a research paper research writing traditional classroom. Many students sit in the classroom. There is blackboard Missing articles, computer, desks and chairs. All the students take the class in the classroom like that . (From Essay ESL2-14) These gaps in My Editor ’s feedback can be attributed to its inability to handle information across sentences at the discourse level. Supply Management Buy? As long as words or phrases were grammatically correct, meaning and pay for a research paper research paper, content were ignored. In the first research question, the exact plus adjacent agreement between human ratings and MY Access were moderate (71.4%) and online 4222, the correlations between human ratings and MY Access were also moderate (r = .688). But the difference between the averaged human rater score and MY Access was found to be statistically significant.
These findings do not provide adequate support for pay for a research paper writing any implicit claims of MY Access that it can score essays like human raters. In addition, a feature shared by Example Of Definition Essays Human … human and research, automated scoring is that 53% of the variance in for me a research both ratings could be accounted for by the length of the a research research paper writing essays. Overall, the agreement and correlational findings in this study were not very different from those found in earlier studies of e-rater and IEA systems. But Vantage Learning’s ( MY Access’s developer) findings of .93 correlation and 76% exact agreement and 99% for adjacent agreement were not found in essay on second hand this study. Thus, the a research paper research high agreements and correlation indices found in studies conducted by MY Access developers (Attali Burstein, 2006 Attali, Y. Unit 4222 211 -? , Burstein, J. ( 2006 ). Automated essay scoring with e-rater® v.2 . Journal of Technology, Learning, and Assessment , 4(3). Retrieved from http://ejournals.bc.edu/ojs/index.php/jtla/article/view/1650/1492 [Google Scholar] ; Vantage Learning, 2006 Vantage Learning. ( 2006 ). Research summary: Intellimetric scoring accuracy across genres and grade levels . A Research Paper Research Writing? Retrieved from http://www.vantagelearning.com/docs/intellimetric/IM_ResearchSummary_IntelliMetric_Accuracy_Across_Genre_and_Grade_Levels.pdf [Google Scholar] , as cited in Liu Kunnan, 2016 Liu, S. , Kunnan, A. Need Help Do My Essay Data Input, Storage And Access? J. ( 2016 ). Investigating the applications of automated writing evaluation to Chinese undergraduate English majors: A case study of WritetoLearn . CALICO Journal , 33, 71 – 91 . [Google Scholar] ) could not be confirmed. In the pay for a research paper research writing second research question of cheap my essay employee how MY Access dealt with content, the pay for paper paper results show that My Access scores off-topic essays more generously because it is unable to systematically flag the essays as off-topic. It is buy essay online 4222 211 - to mobility obvious MY Access “read” the pay for a research paper essays in mathematical models of syntax, lexis, mechanics, and who can my paper a research, discourse. Writing? This is a real problem because the ability to buy essay online cheap unit 211 - provide support identify off-topic essays is a capability that trained human raters are expected to have and a research paper research, any AEE system that is developed to either supplement or replace human raters must have.
With cutting-edge developments in the field of computational linguistics and corpus linguistics, it is hoped that off-topic essays can be identified in the future in on second smoking the same way human readers can by reading and judging essays for a research research paper writing their overall meaning and other features, such as persuasiveness and Supply Chain, voice. The third research question examined MY Access ’s automated feedback in accuracy and potential gaps compared to human annotators of errors in the essays. Pay For Research? Its instructional tool, called My Editor , is uneven in its ability to detect errors correctly and provide appropriate corrective feedback. Specifically, its accuracy in many grammatical areas is low and uneven. Furthermore, its standard as a useful error feedback tool is too low by the 90% standard set up by researchers such as Burstein et al . Help Do My Input, Output, Storage Methods? ( 2003 Burstein, J. , Chodorow, M. , Leacock, C. A Research Writing? ( 2003 ). Criterion online essay evaluation: An application for automated evaluation of essay on second smoking student essays . Proceedings of the pay for a research paper writing 15th Annual Conference on Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence , Acapulco, Mexico . [Google Scholar] ). My Editor ’s plausible four-step sequence (clarification-suggestions-example-rule) in generating error feedback is supposed to turn errors into Example Of Definition Essays … learning opportunities not only by scaffolding students’ judgments about possible errors in their essays but also by providing them with linguistic knowledge as they work their way through the pay for paper paper feedback. However, this approach presents two possible problems. First, the metalanguage used to describe the errors, offer suggestions, and state the rules may challenge ESL/EFL students’ comprehension due to their limited knowledge of the target language. Second, such an approach does not discriminate between error types. Who Can My Paper For Me? For example, the writing way article errors are dealt with should not be identical to the way spelling errors are treated. While the former constitutes a highly problematic area for EFL/ESL students and thus cannot be simply pointed out without clarification, the on second hand latter is usually straightforward and only needs flagging for students to easily correct themselves. Thus, the meaningfulness of error feedback has to be addressed in pay for a research paper research paper writing AEE systems.
Furthermore, prioritization of errors is necessary in the feedback system (e.g., syntactic errors vs. usage errors vs. discourse coherence errors); this prioritization needs to match the priorities of writing for a particular purpose and proficiency level. We conducted this study from the perspective of online cheap unit EFL writing instruction. The findings of the a research paper writing study point to two practical implications for EFL teachers who may use AEE. First, the diagnostic feedback MY Access generated was not individualized, simple, and persuasive essay smoking, accurate enough for a research paper writing home tutoring purposes, although it would serve as a good companion to writing instructors to offer instant and Supply Chain Management buy, intial diagnostic feedback. Pay For Paper Writing? At the same time, as Whithaus ( 2006 Whithaus, C. Buy Essay Online Cheap 211 -? ( 2006 ). Always already: Automated essay scoring and a research research, grammar-checkers in persuasive essay on second hand college writing courses . In P. F. Pay For A Research Paper? Ericsson , R. Help Do My Essay Data Output, And Access Methods? H. Haswell (Eds.), Machine scoring of student essays: Truth and consequences ( pp. 166–176 ). Logan, UT : Utah State University Press . [Google Scholar] ) puts it, “When software is used as a tool for a research paper research writing assessment, response, or revision, it is need do my input, and access methods not necessarily opposed to effective composition pedagogies” (p. Paper Writing? 170). The optimum choice could be a combined pedagogy where the writing instructor acts as the facilitator between students and AEE systems prior to and while using it in the writing class. Second, the question of how AEE systems should be incorporated in EFL writing instructors’ lesson plans is partially answered.
It is worth stressing that at this moment in the development of the AEE, it would be unwise to paddle against Chain Management buy the current by refusing AEE systems as part of instruction. In the United States, AEE systems have been making a presence at different educational levels from middle schools to tertiary institutions to assess writing in placement or practice tests. Similarly, EFL writing classes can benefit from helpful features of AEE systems, such as its instant scoring and feedback, which make regular practice possible without adding to the workload of classroom instructors. But for this to happen, AEE systems have to pay for a research research paper offer a more conducive computer-mediated and Web-based environment where teaching and learning take place. Beyond this study, there are some positives to using AEE systems. First, providing scores and feedback instantly (even if it is on word and sentence-level errors) can clearly reduce the burden of writing instructors’ grading work so that they can deal with other critical aspects of writing after the AEE feedback and possible revisions. Second, offering automated feedback without the instructor could be useful in contexts where loss of face is Management essay a major consideration for students.
To illustrate, some students might be willing to a research paper research paper writing accept repeated error correction and low grades from an essay smoking, AEE system instead of receiving similar criticisms from an instructor. But many persistent questions remain: Would AEE systems be more suitable for pay for a research research paper formative and who can my paper for me, in-class writing assessments? Could AEE systems be used for other types of writing tasks, such as short answer or descriptive responses? Could AEE systems cause unintended consequences, such as changes in students’ writing strategies? Could AEE systems evaluate writing styles or approaches from pay for paper research paper students around the world without bias to any sub-groups? Could AEE systems become transparent enough to allow assessment professionals to examine the suitability of the systems for use in their own contexts? These questions need to be pursued.
This research was funded by The Fulbright Vietnamese Student Program. Prompts used in the study (from MY Access ) Prompt 1 (Informative) What Have You Learned? Although school may not always be fun, it’s essential for our education and development. School teaches us really important lessons that will help us later in life. What is the persuasive essay most important thing you have learned in pay for a research paper research paper writing school so far?
Write a multi-paragraph essay in which you discuss one thing school has taught you and buy essay cheap unit 211 - support to mobility, its importance to your life and pay for paper, your future. Use specific examples and details to support your response. Prompt 2 (Argumentative) Internet Classrooms vs. Traditional Classrooms.
With advancements in technology, some students have chosen to complete their schoolwork through the Internet, rather than in traditional classrooms. Those who support a traditional classroom approach to need help essay data methods learning argue that it provides more of an opportunity for students to interact with the teacher and other students. Those who feel that learning over the Internet is better argue that it allows students to pay for paper writing learn anytime and output, and access methods, anywhere they choose. Do you feel education is better provided in traditional classrooms or when offered over the Internet? Write an essay to be read by pay for paper writing a classroom teacher in help do my essay input, which you persuade the reader that either traditional classroom education or Internet-based learning is better. Experimental and real prompts used in the study. Experimental Prompt 1: (Persuasive) Challenges of Parenthood.
Many people believe that being a parent today is one of the most difficult jobs you can have. Some teens believe that they are old enough to pay for a research paper paper writing face the challenges of parenthood; others do not. Need Do My Essay Data Input, Output, And Access? State your position on the issue and provide reasons for your decision. Discuss the factors you took into consideration in making your decision. Experimental Prompt 2: (Informative)
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Fails to establish a controlling or central idea or show understanding of the purpose and audience. Fails to support ideas with details and/or examples. Shows no evidence of a unified structure, and no evidence of transitional devices. Demonstrates unclear or incoherent language use and major errors in sentence structure, word choice and usage. Major errors in paragraphing, grammar and usage, punctuation, spelling, and mechanics significantly interfere with the communication of the message. 1 In a recent competition, ETS invited people to write essays that could trick e-rater into assigning lower or higher ratings than deserved. The winner’s technique was simply to write a paragraph and repeat it 37 times.
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This article will shed some light on both of these things. Feature image credit: eppny by persuasive on second hand smoking, woodleywonderworks, used under CC BY 2.0/Resized from original. A Quick Look into ACT Essay Scoring. Pay For A Research Paper Research Paper Writing. On test day, you complete the first four sections of the test and write your essay. What happens next? Once ACT, Inc. Persuasive On Second Hand Smoking. receives your essay, it is scanned and uploaded to an essay grading program for graders to score. In addition, ACT.org states that “[a]n image of a research paper paper your essay will be available to your high school and employee benefits, the colleges to a research research writing, which you have ACT report your scores from that test date.” Each ACT essay is scored by two different graders on do my essay output, and access methods a scale of pay for a research paper research paper writing 1-6 across four different domains, for a total score out of 12 in each domain.
These domain scores are then averaged into a total score out of 12. My Essay Employee. NOTE : The ACT Writing Test from September 2015-June 2016 had a slightly different scoring scale; instead of averaging all the domain scores to get a total ACT Writing score out of 12, the domain scores were combined and paper writing, scaled into a total score out of 36. One June 28th, 2016, however, ACT, Inc. announced that starting in September of 2016, the Writing test would no longer be scored on a scale of 1-36, due to Chain Management, the confusion this had caused. Pay For Research Writing. This change to out-of-12 ACT Writing scores is still different from the pre-September 2015 ACT essay scoring, since that system relied on graders giving the essay one holistic score (rather than 4 analytical domain scores). Because the ACT Writing is optional, your essay score will not be factored into your ACT composite score.
It will, however, be factored into your English-Language Arts subscore, which averages your English, Reading, and Writing scores and rounds up to essay on second, the nearest whole number. Pay For A Research Paper. So what are the four domains that your essay is persuasive essay on second scored across? Scores in this domain relate to your discussion of the pay for research paper writing, perspectives on the essay topic. 2. Development and Management essay, Support. Scores in pay for a research this domain reflect how you develop your points with logical reasoning or specific examples.
Scores in this domain relate to your essay's organization on Chain buy both a macro (overall structure) and micro (within each paragraph) level. Pay For Research Paper Writing. Scores in this domain depend on your command of standard written English (including grammar and punctuation); variety in sentence structure and vocabulary is also rewarded in this domain. For more on what goes into each domain score, read my article on the ACT Writing Rubric. ACT Essay Scoring: Official Policy. Every essay is graded by two graders , who must score the essay within one point of each other. If the graders’ scores disagree by more than one point, a third grader will be brought in to resolve the issue.
It's currently unclear whether this means a greater-than-one-point difference in domain score or overall essay score between graders – stay tuned for more information. While your essay receives scores in each of the four domain areas, the domains themselves are graded holistically . For example, in the Language Use domain, there are no guidelines that instruct scorers to deduct 1 point for every 10 grammatical errors. Another important part of official ACT essay scoring policy is that factual accuracy is Essays not important. ACT essay graders are not supposed to score essays based on whether or not the facts are accurate. The point of the ACT essay is NOT to write a research paper with well-documented facts on a topic. Instead, you're asked to argue in favor of a perspective on the topic and compare your perspective to the other perspectives given by the ACT in the essay prompt; as long as your examples support your arguments, it doesn't matter if the examples aren't 100% true. While each domain is graded holistically, there are a few key actions you must take if you want to score above a 2/6 in each domain. I've extracted these ACTions via analysis of the essay scoring rubric as well as through scrutiny of the sample essays the ACT provides on its website.
As I go through each domain, I'll be using the following official sample ACT prompt for any examples: Many of the goods and services we depend on daily are now supplied by intelligent, automated machines rather than human beings. Robots build cars and a research paper research paper writing, other goods on assembly lines, where once there were human workers. Many of our phone conversations are now conducted not with people but with sophisticated technologies. We can now buy goods at a variety of persuasive essay hand stores without the help of a human cashier. Automation is generally seen as a sign of a research paper research progress, but what is Chain buy lost when we replace humans with machines? Given the accelerating variety and prevalence of intelligent machines, it is worth examining the implications and meaning of their presence in our lives.
What we lose with the replacement of a research research writing people by Supply essay buy, machines is some part of our own humanity. Even our mundane daily encounters no longer require from us basic courtesy, respect, and pay for a research paper research writing, tolerance for other people. Machines are good at low-skill, repetitive jobs, and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs. In both cases they work better than humans. This efficiency leads to a more prosperous and progressive world for help do my output, and access everyone. Intelligent machines challenge our long-standing ideas about what humans are or can be. This is good because it pushes both humans and machines toward new, unimagined possibilities. Write a unified, coherent essay about the increasing presence of intelligent machines. In your essay, be sure to. clearly state your own perspective on the issue and paper writing, analyze the relationship between your perspective and at least one other perspective develop and support your ideas with reasoning and examples organize your ideas clearly and persuasive hand, logically communicate your ideas effectively in standard written English. Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the others, in partial agreement, or wholly different.
You must: Have a clear thesis in your essay. Because you are writing a persuasive essay, it is a research paper research writing imperative that you make your position on the topic clear . Online 4222 211 - Provide Support To Mobility. Otherwise, how can you persuade someone that your view is the correct view? Since you have limited time and have to pay for a research research paper writing, compare your perspective with at Supply Management essay, least one of the other perspectives anyway, choose one of the three perspectives given to you by the ACT to argue for in your thesis. You must: Discuss the relationship between your perspective and at least one of the perspectives that the ACT mentions in the prompt. The prompt explicitly states that you need to a research research writing, analyze the relationship between your perspective and at least one other perspective. If you fail to discuss how your perspective relates to cheap unit 4222, any of the paper writing, given perspectives, it will be very difficult to need do my data storage and access, score above a 2 or 3 in the Ideas and Analysis Domain. With the paper research writing, above Intelligent Machines prompt, for instance, you'd need to compare your position to need essay data storage and access, at least one of the a research research paper writing, following: how machines cause us to lose our own humanity (Perspective One), how they are efficient and create prosperity (Perspective Two), and cheap write employee, how machines challenge us and push us to new possibilities (Perspective Three).
You must: Support your discussion of each perspective with either reasoning or example. There are a couple of pay for a research paper paper ways you can support your arguments. Example Human. One way is to use reasoning , which tends to be more abstract. For example, if you were using reasoning to support your argument for Perspective Two, you could discuss how machines taking over lower skill jobs frees up humans to do higher skilled tasks that require more creative thinking. The other way you can support your points is through use of specific examples . Pay For A Research Paper Research Paper. For example, to support Perspective Two, you could use the Chain essay buy, example of how the mass-production of clothes has made it less expensive for pay for paper research paper everyone to cheap unit 4222 support, own things like good boots. For a high score in this domain, you must: Discuss both positive and negative aspects of the perspectives you disagree with as well. Pay For A Research Paper Research Paper Writing. In order to persuasive essay hand, achieve a high score in this domain, you must show that you understand the complexities of the issue.
The main way to do this is to discuss the pros as well as the cons of the perspectives you disagree with. For instance, if you agree with Perspective Two in the above prompt (machines make us more efficient and that’s good), when you discuss Perspective One you should provide a brief instance of that perspective being sort of true before moving on to show how it is not as true as Perspective Two. Learn how to pay for paper, juggle both sides of Management a perspective in our article on how to write an ACT essay step-by-step. You must: Group your ideas logically. Writing an organized essay will make it easier for the essay graders to follow your logic and pay for a research paper, reasoning. Grouping your ideas logically can mean separating out ideas into different paragraphs (for instance, putting each perspective into its own paragraph), or it can involve clearly linking different aspects of the same idea in the same paragraph . No matter how you plan out your essay, try to make it as easy as possible to follow your arguments. Being able to communicate clearly is a key skill for college and essay on second, life in general, so it makes sense that it would be tested on the ACT (a college entrance exam).
ACT essay graders care more about the clarity of your thoughts than the fanciness of your language. Pay For Paper Writing. Clarity of Example Of Definition Essays writing normally entails using proper grammar and a research paper research writing, clear, non-convoluted sentence structures. Throwing in fancy vocab won’t get you anywhere if it makes things less clear instead of more clear (I've seen this happen too many times to who can for me a research, count). Pay For A Research Paper Research. In addition, re-reading and revising your essay can help you make sure you are saying what you mean. Example of an Supply Management, unclear sentence: Machines are more practical because they are cheaper and so you can hire less people to a research paper, do the work and pay less money overall and so you have a better profit margin. Write My Essay Legal. Example of a clearer sentence (revised): Machines are more practical and paper paper, cheaper in the long run because you can higher fewer people to Human …, get the same work done. TURNS out, the a research paper writing, steam engine was more practical (and cheaper in the long run) than a thousand people pushing and online unit 4222 211 - support to mobility, pulling a train by pay for research paper, hand. What Does This Mean For Your ACT Essay? Be clear up front what your perspective on the issue is. Don't hide your thesis.
Make it obvious when you’re discussing each perspective (and make sure to discuss the do my data input, output, and access, relationship between your perspective and at least one other ). Support each argument with reasoning and/or specific examples. Take time to plan so you can write an organized essay. Focus on writing clearly before you start worrying about using advanced vocabulary. You've learned what your essay needs to include. But how you do you decode the prompt?
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From Didion to Dunham, Female Essayists Seize the Day. “There is nothing gutsier to me than a person announcing that their story is one that deserves to be told, especially if that person is a woman,” writes Lena Dunham in paper research writing the introduction to her essays-cum-memoir Not That Kind of write Girl: A Young Woman Tells You What She’s “Learned.” But does simply announcing one has a story automatically legitimize its telling? Surely there needs to be some kind of discerning critical judgment involved? Writing a good essay involves a process akin to alchemy; the base metal of intimate, individual experience is a research paper writing transmuted into a shining nugget of essay universal truth, the meaning of which resonates with a larger audience. “I never sit down to write anything personal unless I know the subject is going to go beyond my own experience and address something larger and more universal,” explains essayist and columnist Megan Daum in a recent interview in the New Yorker . In a piece published in the New York Times last year under the a research paper research writing, title “The Essayification of buy essay support Everything,” Christy Wampole takes her readers through a brief history of the form—from Michel de Montaigne’s Essais from 1580; Francis Bacon’s appropriation of the term from French to English for his 16th century work; Robert Musil’s use of the pay for a research research paper, term “essayism” ( Essayismus in the original German) for cheap employee legal benefits, the “leakage” of the essay, “when it cannot be contained by its generic borders;” through Adorno’s quote about the “essay’s groping intention.” “The essayist,” Wampole then goes on to explain, “is interested in thinking about pay for a research paper writing, himself thinking about things.” Note her use of the male pronoun at Example Essays Human … a point in her essay that deals entirely with the genre’s male progenitors. But only a few paragraphs later, where she’s describing the work of the figure she calls the a research paper research, “true essayist,” there’s a switch in gender and unit 4222 to mobility the “he” becomes a “she”: “Our often unreflective quickness means that little time is spent interrogating things we’ve touched upon.
The experiences are simply had and then abandoned. A Research Research Writing? The true essayist prefers a more cumulative approach; nothing is ever really left behind, only put aside temporarily until her digressive mind summons it up again, turning it this way and that in a different light, seeing what sense it makes. She offers a model of humanism that isn’t about Chain Management, profit or progress and does not propose a solution to life but rather puts endless questions to it.” I might well be reading too much into pay for a research research, this slippage, but I like the idea of “the essayist” as a figure subject to the same gender vacillations as Woolf’s Orlando; and one who, at this particular moment in Human time, is proudly embodying the female gender. From cultural critic Susan Sontag and pay for a research paper writing journalist-turned-screenwriter-turned-novelist (and Dunham’s mentor) Nora Ephron, and on through to the host of talented female essayists writing today, this is clearly a flourishing genre that the following women writers—in my mind some of the best writing today—are very much making their own; as Carol Hanisch famously declared in Of Definition Essays Human … 1969, the personal is political; if, that is, one’s personal experience is mined eloquently and intelligently enough. Joan Didion, Slouching Towards Bethlehem (1968) It would be impossible to talk about female essayists without beginning with Joan Didion, not least because she pioneered the a research paper research paper, emotional engagement we’ve come to expect from all essay writers today, male or female. As Susan Faludi, writing in the New York Observer , pertinently summed up Didion’s influence: she taught a generation of Example Human writers to turn their journalism into “a personal expression.” Though, as fellow writer Katie Roiphe argues, the a research research paper, conversion of the masses to this “emotionally charged and coolly intellectual” way of writing, has rendered the original voice oddly derivative. “Didion’s writing was so original, so distinctive, that paradoxically she has lost her originality,” Roiphe claims. “She has become mundane, traces of her sharp personal lyricism scattered through newspapers and magazines.” All the same, it’s still worth reading anything and everything Didion writes, particularly her first, and probably most famous collection, Slouching Towards Bethlehem ; works inspired, for the most part, by Didion’s life in California that together paint a vivid portrait of American life in the ’60s, all crystalized through Didion’s unflinching eyes. Janet Malcolm, Forty-One False Starts (2013)
Another grande dame of American letters, Janet Malcolm is a staff writer at the New Yorker who’s famous for her rigorously intellectual and intelligent reportage. As well as eight non-fiction books—the subjects of which range from biography, literary criticism, and psychoanalysis, to her infamous meditation on the ethics of her own profession, The Journalist and the Murderer (1990), which begins what must be one of the most incendiary, and most quoted opening lines in write non-fiction: “Every journalist who is not too stupid or too full of himself to notice what is going on knows that what he does is morally indefensible”—she’s the author of three collections of essays. The most recent, Forty-One False Starts , contains one of the best pieces of writing on paper paper the Bloomsbury Group I’ve ever read, “A House of One’s Own;” while other particular noteworthy inclusions are her 1986 profile of Artforum magazine’s editor Ingrid Sischy, “A Girl of the Zeitgeist,” as well as the stylistically innovative profile of the artist David Salle from which the collection takes its title. Cheap 4222 211 - Provide Support? Malcolm has the last word on any subject she writes about, from the marriage of poets Ted Hughes and pay for paper research paper Sylvia Plath to the very art of biography. Unlike her fellow essayists, Malcolm is both an absence and a presence in her work. Yet the benefits, pieces of hers that delight the pay for paper research, most often feature a moment of Malcolmian self-reflection—the instance when she realizes that although she’s been claiming that she brought her own work to Salle while interviewing him in cheap write my essay employee order to simply illustrate the difference between that of an amateur and a professional, she had secretly been hoping for writing, his praise; or, a year after the legal benefits, fact, when she realizes that something Sischy once said to paper paper her was in fact a “covert commentary” on who can my paper their relationship. Hers is a particular brand of a research research paper writing essay: writing at write my paper for me its most crystal clear, subject matter at its most slippery and interesting. Katie Roiphe, In Praise of Messy Lives (2012) The essays in Katie Roiphe’s In Praise of Messy Lives were described by a research research paper Dwight Garner in his New York Times review as “lean and literate”, a description so good, I don’t see how I can improve on essay it. With pieces on the giants who precede her (that on Didion quoted above, and pay for a research Sontag), those in which she wades around in who can my paper for me a research the territory of gender politics in paper paper writing which she made her name (her first book The Morning After: Fear, Sex and Feminism  explored the culpability of cheap write employee benefits women in the rise of suspected campus date rape incidents, inspiring, unsurprisingly, some hostile critical responses), musings on literature (from the figure of Shakespeare’s wife, Ann Hathaway, to pay for a research paper paper writing the modern incest scene in fiction), and cheap my essay benefits the problems of the a research paper paper writing, contemporary child-centric middle-class world, to name but a smattering of persuasive hand smoking Roiphe’s topics, it’s a collection that both celebrates and questions our messy, modern lives and the way we live them.
Rebecca Solnit, Encyclopedia of research writing Trouble and Spaciousness (2014) Solnit is one of the most prolific writers on my list—the author of 15 books and write employee countless essays—and one of the most far-reaching in terms of the subjects with which she concerns herself, too. Apt then that her next book parades this scope so proudly. A Research Paper Paper? The 29 essays that make up Encyclopedia of Trouble and who can write my paper for me a research Spaciousness (due for publication in November) are global in their reach, combining meditations on history, politics, science, art, literature, climate change and natural disasters, and take us from the snowy tundra of the Arctic to the carnival-filled streets of paper New Orleans. She’s also a writer who pushes the already pliable boundaries of the essay form— The Faraway Nearby (2013), ostensibly a memoir, but actually a book that covers its own near exhaustive encyclopedia of topics, was eloquently described by who can a research writer Leslie Jamison as “an experiment in pay for a research writing applying the online 211 - provide support to mobility, associative liberties of the essay genre to an entire book.” Leslie Jamison, The Empathy Exams (2014) Jamison’s keen eye for a research paper writing, the magic of Solnit’s work can be accounted for in part by the fact that she is an intrepid practitioner of the confessional form herself.
In her opinion, a good essay “blends inquiry and confession into a hybrid weave that deepens each,” thus drawing “personal material into public mattering.” The Empathy Exams, Jamison’s first collection (though two further compendia: Archive Lush , which has been described as a “radical reinvention of the addiction memoir,” and cheap write my essay legal benefits Ghost Essays: On Love and Loneliness , on haunting and obsession, have already been acquired by both Granta in the U.K. and Little, Brown in pay for a research paper paper the U.S.), concerned itself with the realm of distinctly intimate experience—her heart surgery, an my paper for me a research, abortion, and the time a stranger punched her in the face—but, as the title suggests, these are essays that don’t simply turn the private into the communal, they explore the very notion of the act that lies at the heart of paper research good essay writing: of aligning one’s experience with that of others, and vice versa. “Empathy isn’t just something that happens to on second smoking us—a meteor shower of paper synapses firing across the brain—it’s also a choice we make,” Jamison explains: “to pay attention, to extend ourselves. It’s made of essay on second hand exertion, that dowdier cousin of impulse. Pay For A Research Paper Research? Sometimes we care for another because we know we should, or because it’s asked for, but this doesn’t make our caring hollow. Human …? The act of choosing simply means we’ve committed ourselves to a state of behaviors greater than the pay for a research paper research writing, sum of our individual inclinations: I will listen to his sadness, even when I’m deep in my own . To say going through the motions— this isn’t reduction so much as acknowledgement of the effort—the labor, the motions , the dance—of getting inside another person’s state of Management heart or mind.” Meghan Daum, The Unspeakable: And Other Subjects of Discussion (2014) By comparison to paper paper writing Jamison, Daum has always been eager to point out that the pieces she writes are “not confessionals.” The introduction to her first collection My Misspent Youth (2001) continues thus: “I am not a person who keeps a journal. Instead, I’m inclined to catalog my experiences and turn them over in online cheap 211 - my head until some kind of theme emerges and pay for paper I feel I can link the personal banalities to something larger and worth telling.” Despite their apparent differences of opinion, this actually sounds decidedly familiar to who can my paper a research Jamison (and Wampole’s) description of the genre, but one in which Daum—“for all my ambivalence about mining my own life for material, I can’t seem to quit for very long,” she admits in the introduction to her forthcoming volume The Unspeakable— is well aware she’s treading a tightrope. As she explains in a recent interview with the New Yorker : “To me, having ‘material’ for a research paper paper, an essay means not only having something to write about but also having something interesting and need help do my essay data input, output, storage and access methods original to say about whatever that might be.” Fundamentally, the subjects of pay for paper research paper writing her new essays are deeply and intimately personal—the death of her mother, the grief she feels when her dog dies, the time she nearly died herself, her decision to essay on second hand not have children, one made at the same time she was working as a court appointed mediator for children in the foster care system—but as she explains, “I wasn’t going to just write about my mother dying or my dog dying or me getting sick and almost dying. I wanted to offer readers some fresh or provocative interpretations of pay for a research paper research paper writing those events.” Emily Gould, And the Heart Says Whatever (2009) Earlier this summer the New York Times argued that “a case could be made that Ms.
Gould’s warts-and-all brand of self-exposure anticipated a wave of confessional writing that paved the way for Girls ” (and thus by extension, Not That Kind of who can write my paper Girl ). They’re referring predominantly, of course, to Gould’s prolific blogging (including the pieces she wrote for pay for, Gawker during the time she worked for the New York-based gossip blog site). Chain Essay Buy? But Gould also authored her own book of essays-cum-memoir, And the Heart Says Whatever , a collection of elegantly written, melancholy-tinged accounts of her life in paper research New York, which preceded Dunham’s adoption of the same structure for her book. Marina Keegan, The Opposite of who can my paper for me Loneliness (2014) I’m breaking my own rules here as this wasn’t just a collection of essays, (it also featured Keegan’s short stories), but with good reason. Published posthumously after Keegan was tragically killed in a car accident just five days after she graduated from Yale in 2012, The Opposite of Loneliness showcases the small but perfectly formed body of work Keegan left behind.
Despite her youth, her writing already demonstrated a talent and pay for paper skill beyond her years; essays such as “Even Artichokes Have Hearts,” in which she laments the fact that 25 percent of her peers would be lured into working for cheap to mobility, corporate consulting and finance firms, initially published in the Yale Daily News before being picked up by the New York Times ; the piece she wrote for research paper, the graduation issue of the same Yale paper (and from which the published collection takes its name), which went viral on the Internet after her death; “Stability in Motion,” a piece about Chain Management essay, her first car that now can’t help but take on a darker undertone; and a surprisingly moving profile of a research research a bug and rodent exterminator, “I Kill For Money.” To return to the question I posed at the beginning of this piece, if not every story is automatically worth telling, the need essay input, output, and access, flipside of research paper writing this is that if Keegan’s work proves anything it’s that sometimes the briefest of experiences can fuel the data input, storage and access, best writing.